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Guide to Ball Bearing Sizes Chart: Mastering Precision and Power

Ball bearings are essential components used in a multitude of machinery and mechanical systems, allowing for smooth and efficient rotational motion and minimum friction and wear. These devices comprise an outer and inner ring with a set of balls in … Read more

Too wear in a CNC machining center

Guide to Cutting Speed Vs. Feed Rate in CNC Machining

CNC machining, known for its high accuracy and precision, is a prevalent subtractive manufacturing technique globally. It owes its success to the CNC-controlled relative motion between the workpiece and the cutting tool. This motion can be categorized as cutting and … Read more

Farbige aluminium profile

Painting Aluminum: Guide to Steps for Aluminum Painting

CNC aluminum machining is an effective solution to make high quality and affordable products for various industries. This is because this metal offers excellent properties such as high durability, heat tolerance, light weight, and low cost. Similar to other metals, … Read more

Fly cutter

Fly Cutter Guide: Types, Specifications & Fly Cutter vs Face Mill

When performing CNC milling operations, the choice of machine and cutting tool plays a significant role in determining the surface finish and machining speed of the final parts. Depending on your desired purposes, there exists a broad variety of milling … Read more

Aluminum profile

Aluminum Sheet Metal Cutting Guide: Common Tools and Ways to Cut Aluminum Sheets

Aluminum, a crucial material in engineering, finds extensive use across various industrial applications. Possessing a relatively soft nature, it can be easily cut using an assortment of tools. To ensure efficient and safe cutting of aluminum sheet metal, one must … Read more


Wire Gauge Chart & Sizes: What You Need to Know

The wire gauge is a system used to measure the size of a wire. It determines the wire’s capacity to safely carry electric current, as well as its electrical resistance and weight. Standardized wire gauges have been developed to assist … Read more

Keyways in gears

Keyway Machining: Keyway Milling Operation & Cutters

Key and keyway are commonly utilized for mechanical connections. In the process of machining mechanical parts, many long shaft parts are designed with multiple keyways. These keyways typically have strict requirements for dimensions, tolerance, and the angle between the keyway … Read more

Bars made of carbon steel

Difference between Low, Medium, and High Carbon Steel

Carbon steel, known for its strength, durability, and affordability, is widely used in numerous applications. Whether it’s the lugnuts securing your vehicle’s tires or the beams supporting the bridges you encounter, carbon steel is frequently utilized. Furthermore, it holds great … Read more

CMM measuring

Straightness vs. Flatness in GD&T

When it comes to precision CNC machining where every detail and dimensional tolerance are crucial, two important concepts play a significant role: straightness and flatness. Straightness and flatness help define the shape and form of a feature on a part, … Read more

coordinate measuring machine

Concentricity in GD&T: How to Measure it and its Difference between Runout and Position

ASME Y14.5-2009 provides guidelines for 14 different types of geometric tolerances, each specifying a specific way to control various part features. To simplify understanding, these 14 types can be categorized into five main groups, which are form, profile, orientation, location, … Read more

Rolls of aluminum

T6 vs T651: Aluminum Alloy Tempers Designation and Comparison

Aluminum is a structural material known for its lightweight properties. It can be made even stronger by alloying and subjected to heat treatment or cold working. The temper, in addition to alloying elements, also affects the metal’s properties. Both aluminum … Read more

NPT thread screw

NPT Thread & NPT Thread Size Chart

To convey liquid, gas, steam, and hydraulic fluid, threaded pipes offer reliable sealing. Various materials can be used to produce these threads using techniques like CNC machining. One frequently encountered type of standard thread is the National Pipe Thread Taper … Read more

Different CNC machine types

CNC Machine Types Guide: Types, Definitions, Uses, and Costs Explained

The CNC machining process involves utilizing computer software to program the movement of production equipment and tools. This method is commonly employed to operate complex machinery such as mills, lathes, CNC routers, and grinders. With CNC machining, it’s possible to … Read more

Metal-working machine

The Anatomy of a CNC Machine: Exploring the CNC Block Diagram and its 13 Key Components

Traditional machine operations like lathes, milling, and drilling have historically relied heavily on manual control, leading to reduced accuracy and precision and requiring significant human effort and time. In response to these challenges, computer numerically controlled (CNC) machines were created. … Read more

CNC machining drawing

What is ISO 2768? A Guide to CNC Machining Tolerance Standards

Dimensional tolerance is of great importance in precision CNC machining as it directly affects the accuracy and functionality of machined parts. ISO 2768 is a critical standard that clarifies the tolerance value of a specific CNC machined part and ensures … Read more

Communication equipment

Benefits of CNC Machining for the Communication Applications

Nowadays, communication technologies are vital in our daily lives, and their significance will only continue to grow as global connectivity increases. To enhance performance and reliability, industry experts have made extensive efforts to improve both individual components and overall systems. … Read more

Metal motor

The Role of Micro Motors in Medical Device Applications

The motor of medical devices, also known as a medical motor, is a type of transmission gearbox that is applied to medical equipment, featuring functions of deceleration, torque boosting, and transmission. It is a small-power miniature reduction motor largely made … Read more

medical devices prototypes

Requirements for Medical Device Component Machining

Items manufactured by CNC machining include various surgical instruments used in medical surgeries, such as cannula needles (piercing devices), bone drills, and saws. When using CNC machining, parts are usually milled with 3 to 5 axes or lathed with live … Read more

Medical equipment in the dental office

Mastering the Perfect Metals and Alloys for Medical Device Manufacturing

The increase in COVID-19 cases has led to a higher demand for medical equipment, which in turn has emphasized the importance of material selection for designers and manufacturers of medical devices. It’s crucial to choose the appropriate materials for medical … Read more

PVC plastics

Medical-Grade Plastics in Healthcare: What You Should Know

With the global market for high-quality medical devices continually growing, there has been a significant advancement in medical plastic products. These products have become crucial components within the modern healthcare system, serving a necessary role. Medical plastic parts cover a … Read more

Breathing apparatus

The Impact of Covid-19 on the CNC Machining Industry

The global COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound effect on businesses worldwide, causing disruptions in supply chains, travel restrictions, and shifts in consumer demands toward essential products. For CNC machining manufacturers, however, this challenging time may also present new opportunities. … Read more

Medical instruments

A Guide to CNC Machining for the Medical Industry

CNC machining has become an increasingly popular technique in the medical manufacturing industry due to the high demand for precise components. These components need to meet strict quality and safety standards and be produced efficiently. Therefore, product designers and manufacturers … Read more

CNC machined PC

Polycarbonate/PC CNC Machining: A Basic Overview

Polycarbonate, also referred to as PC, is an amorphous thermoplastic that tends to soften before melting. Its exceptional features, such as clarity, impact resistance, toughness, and lighter weight, make it an ideal alternative to glass. Polycarbonate can withstand higher temperatures … Read more

Teflon CNC machining

Teflon/PTFE CNC Machining: A Basic Overview

Teflon or PTFE stands out from most engineering plastics because of its chemical resistance, stability in high temperatures, and low friction coefficient. As a result, Teflon is a preferred material for CNC machining and milling in industrial applications. PTFE can … Read more

CNC machined acrylic parts

Acrylic CNC Machining: A Basic Overview

Acrylic, or Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA), is a clear and transparent polymer established as a glass substitute. This plastic is one of the most extensively used clear plastics employed in CNC systems. CNC machining creates a balance between force and fragility, … Read more

CNC PEEK screws

PEEK CNC Machining: A Basic Overview

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a high-performance thermoplastic used in the production of parts subjected to harsh environments such as high temperatures and chemicals. Being lightweight, it provides an excellent alternative to the majority of soft metals. However, its machining process is … Read more

CNC machining nylon

Nylon CNC Machining: A Basic Overview

Nylon has become one of the most highly sought-after engineering plastics because of its exceptional mechanical properties. In fact, it’s an alternative to traditional CNC machining materials like copper, iron, and steel in several industrial applications. Nylon is a more … Read more

CNC machining ABS

ABS CNC Machining: A Basic Overview

ABS or Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene, a thermoplastic material unifying different properties of PS, SAN, and BS, is extensively utilized in numerous industries. With its cost-effectiveness, good machinability, and exceptional mechanical properties, ABS is widely used in consumer goods and also … Read more

CNC machined POM parts

POM CNC Machining: A Basic Overview

POM or Delrin is an acetal homopolymer widely known for its superior durability. Its remarkable resistance to wear, creep, and warping makes it a prime option for industrial products and mechanical components. POM can be effectively machined through turning and … Read more

surface finishes for stainless steel

Guide to Stainless Steel Finishes

Stainless steel finishes provide a multitude of advantages, involving the use of fabrication processes to improve the surface characteristics of the metal. Finishes are applied to achieve exceptional attributes such as durability, corrosion resistance, reflective surfaces, smoothness, or specific grain … Read more

sheet metal finishes

11 Types of Finishing Options for Sheet Metal

Sheet metal fabrication is a highly versatile and cost-effective method used to make metal parts. However, being fabricated by some manufacturing techniques such as forming, punching, bending, and cutting, additional post-processing or finishing is often required to enhance the physical … Read more

Thread types identification

How to Identify Thread Types

Identifying the appropriate thread type is critical for the optimal performance of your equipment. Pneumatic components such as air preparation units, air cylinders, and valves, are fitted with specific port threads, and selecting the correct thread type guarantees maximum compatibility … Read more

SFIC lock cores

A Basic Guide to SFIC Lock Cores

Locks with interchangeable cores provide an added level of security and convenience. Small Format Interchangeable Core (SFIC) locks are a popular choice for commercial buildings and institutions as they allow for quick and easy rekeying. The SFIC lock cores can … Read more

Bronze vs Brass vs Copper

Bronze vs. Brass vs. Copper: Their Difference

Brass and bronze all contain copper, which is why they can often be confused for each other. Although copper is an element, pure copper is not typically used to make copper parts. Instead, most copper, brass, and bronze parts are … Read more

brass and copper rods

Brass VS Copper: Their Difference

The metals copper and brass belong to the group of metals known as “red metals” due to their reddish hue. Copper is pure, but brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. These metals exhibit distinctive properties that make them … Read more

vacuum casting overview

An Overview of Vacuum Casting

Vacuum casting is a process used to produce complex components by drawing a liquid material into a silicone mold using a vacuum. It is a cost-efficient option for making plastic components in low volume production compared to injection molding. We … Read more

bronze profile

Brass VS Bronze: Their Difference

Bronze and Brass are two common alloys used in modern manufacturing industries. They are known as red metals because of their reddish appearance. While they differ in colors, it can be difficult to tell them apart. This article aims to … Read more

tool and die manufacturing

A Basic Guide to Tool and Die Manufacturing

Manufacturing durable goods involves the use of tools, dies, and molds. The process of tool and die manufacturing entails cutting and shaping metal, as well as other materials, using tools, and employing metal forms called dies to stamp, forge, or … Read more


Difference Between Bolts, Nuts, Screws, and Rivets

Within the realm of mechanical engineering, numerous types of fasteners are employed for assembling CNC machined components, structures, and diverse connections. The critical question is how to recognize an extensive array of fasteners and determine the appropriate one for particular … Read more

Polycarbonate plastic

Polycarbonate vs. Acrylic: Their Difference

Polycarbonate and acrylic are commonly used in place of glass for various applications, as they have a similar appearance and are transparent. However, it can be challenging for users to decide which material to use. While both these two plastics … Read more

Blue and dark polymers

PVC vs. Acrylic Plastic: Their Difference

The prevalence of plastics is ubiquitous in our daily lives. Two types of transparent plastics frequently utilized for laminates are Acrylic (PMMA) and PVC. When deciding between the two, how do they differ, and which is the best choice? This … Read more

Machinist Tools for A CNC Machine Shop

Essential Machinist Tools for A CNC Machine Shop

Having a set of machinist tools is essential for any machinist, fabricator, or technician involved in manufacturing. However, with a plethora of tools on the market, it’s crucial to select the most effective and efficient ones for optimal productivity. Thus, … Read more

CNC spindle

Understanding CNC Spindle

CNC machines, such as lathes, mills, and routers, are comprised of several distinct parts. Among them, the spindle is a critical component that significantly affects the performance of the machine, ensuring that parts are produced accurately. Therefore, before deciding on … Read more

Lathe cutting tools

Lathe Cutting Tools for CNC Turning: Types, Geometry, and Features

Lathe cutting tools are instrumental in producing turned parts with a lathe machine and shaping materials to the desired form, making them a crucial aspect of CNC machining. To maximize the advantages of these tools, it is essential to understand … Read more

Roughing vs Finishing In CNC Machining

Roughing and Finishing In CNC Machining

CNC machining is a process of manufacturing by subtraction. It involves the gradual removal of material from a solid workpiece to create a desired three-dimensional outcome. The subtractive procedures used in CNC machining include milling, turning, boring, grooving, and drilling. … Read more

Horizontal vs Vertical Milling

Horizontal vs Vertical Milling

The use of a milling machine enables the cutting and production of specific parts or components for a project, without the need to add materials as in additive manufacturing. This is achieved by the CNC milling machine through the process … Read more


3D vs 2D CAD Drawing in CNC Machining

Back in the day, designers had limited tools at their disposal such as paper and pencils to create part drawings. However, the introduction and implementation of Computer-Aided Design (CAD) software revolutionized the design and production processes of the manufacturing industry. … Read more

Stainless Steel vs Titanium in CNC Machining

Titanium vs Stainless Steel in CNC Machining

CNC machining is a manufacturing process that is highly compatible with a wide variety of metal materials. Among these materials, stainless steel and titanium are two of the most commonly used when creating custom parts or prototypes. Both of these … Read more

Thread tap

Machining Threads

Threading parts is an essential element in metalwork. Manufacturers should not overlook the importance of using machining thread in their operations. There is a wide variety of connectors and fittings available in the global market, making it increasingly difficult to … Read more

Helix Angles

Understanding Helix Angles

One of the main components that influence the performance of machining operations is the helix angle. This angle determines the angle of the blade when cutting into the material on the spindle’s rotation. A larger helix angle creates smoother transitions … Read more

CNC laser cutter

CNC Engraving

CNC engraving is a subtractive manufacturing process that uses a rotating cutting tool to precisely remove material from a workpiece, creating a desired shape or design. It is highly accurate and efficient, allowing for repeatable and precise results. CNC engraving … Read more

CNC Turning Neoprene Rubber Grades

Grade Colour Temperature (°C) Shore Hardness Standard Black -40 to +100 81°A (±5) Other grades or plastics for your custom machined rubber parts are available upon request.

CNC Turning FKM Rubber Grades

Grade Colour Temperature (°C) Shore Hardness FDA, EU1935/2004 & EU10/2011 Approved Brown -25 to +220 85°A (±5) FDA & EU1935/2004 Approved White -25 to +210 84°A (±5) Standard Black -20 to +220 80°A (±5) Soft Black -25 to +220 74°A … Read more

CNC Turning Silicone Rubber

CNC Turning Silicone Rubber Grades

Grade Colour Temperature (°C) Shore Hardness FDA & EU1935/2004 Approved White -60 to +210 84°A (±5) FDA & EU1935/2004 Approved Blue -60 to +210 84°A (±5) FDA & EU1935/2004 Approved Red -60 to +210 83°A (±5) FDA & EU1935/2004 Approved … Read more

CNC Turning EPDM Rubber

CNC Turning EPDM Rubber Grades

Grade Colour Temperature (°C) Shore Hardness Standard Black -45 to +135 87°A (±5) WRAS Approved Black -50 to +135 97°A (±5) FDA & EU1935/2004 Approved White -55 to +135 88°A (±5) Soft Black -53 to +135 76°A (±5) Soft, FDA … Read more

CNC Turning Nitrile Rubber

CNC Turning Nitrile Rubber Grades

Grade Colour Temperature (°C) Shore Hardness Standard Black -35 to +110 85°A (±5) Hard Black -30 to +110 90°A (±5) FDA & EU1935/2004 Approved White -30 to +105 88°A (±5) Soft Black -35 to +110 73°A (±5) Low Temperature Black … Read more

CNC Turning Polyurethane

CNC Turning Polyurethane Grades – Hydrolysis Resistant

Grade Colour Temperature (°C) Shore Hardness FDA Approved* Red -30 to +115 94°A (±3) Standard Green -30 to +115 94°A (±3) Low Temperature Dark Blue -50 to +115 94°A (±3) Hard Dark Red -30 to +110 58°D (±3) Lubricated Black … Read more

CNC machining part

How Much Does CNC Machining Cost

CNC machining is one of the top-notch technologies in the manufacturing sector. In the past, milling was the most preferable manufacturing process when talking about metalworking. However, in the past few decades, CNC machining has taken its place. There are … Read more

CNC Machining Feeds and Speeds

CNC Machining Feeds and Speeds: What Should You Know

Feeds and speeds are important parameters in CNC machining that directly affect the product quality, accuracy, and surface finish, as well as machining efficiency and tool life. But what factors affect these parameters, and how do you determine the optimum … Read more

Lock nuts for car wheels

A Basic Guide to Lock Nut

Threaded fastener connections can be loosened due to shock and vibration. This is because friction, bolt stretching, and compression between the threads of the two pieces are not enough to hold them together. To counteract this, lock nuts have been … Read more

CNC wood router

A Guide to CNC Wood Router

CNC wood routers play a significant role in woodworking jobs as they provide precision and accuracy in the fabrication of a wide range of materials and components. They are used to create detailed components, 3D shapes, and intricate designs by … Read more

Bolt grades

A Guide to Different Bolt Grades & Bolt Grades Chart

Bolts, also referred to as fasteners, are the components used to hold two objects tightly together. They come in a broad variety of different grades related to tensile strength. When selecting the exact bolt for an application, there are certain … Read more

Plastic Gauge Thickness

Plastic Gauge Thickness Chart

When it comes to working with plastic CNC machining or materials, the thickness of the plastic is an important factor to consider. If you are not sure how to convert plastic film thickness gauge measuring units, such as Mil, MM, … Read more

CNC lathe drilling

Drill and Tape Sizes Reference for CNC Machined Parts

Drilling is the process of creating a hole, while tapping is the technique applied to cut threads within the hole, so tap drills and tapping tools are commonly used to in turn to make CNC parts with threaded holes. When … Read more

CNC fixture

A Guide to CNC Fixtures & Best 10 Types of CNC Machine Fixtures

CNC machining is a process of using computerized tools to shape and form materials into desired parts and components. It requires precision and accuracy, which is why it’s important to use the right fixtures or clamps for CNC machining. CNC … Read more

The surface roughness measuring machine.

A Guide to Surface Finish and Surface Roughness Chart

It is essential to understand the surface roughness chart and the significance it has on the performance and longevity of the product. Too much roughness can cause excessive friction, leading to breaks and corrosion which will ultimately damage the material. … Read more

5 Axis Pyramid Risers-2

5-Axis Pyramid Riser

Runsom 5-Axis Pyramid Riser enables users to increase the productivity of 5-axis machining centers. The angled faces allow for multi-part loading while still offering the increased part access required on a 5-axis machining center. The flexible design combines a couple … Read more

5 Axis Subplates-2

5-Axis Subplate

Runsom 5-Axis Subplate system mounts to machine table with center bore and do not include mounting holes, allowing users to quickly and accurately locate and exchange fixtures. Features & Specifications: Custom sizes and configurations are available on request.

Dovetail vise-2

5-Axis Vises

Our 5-axis vise series include the 5-axis dovetail vise, 5-axis block dovetail vise, and self-centering vise. And if you require customized configurations and sizes, please feel free to reach out to us or get an instant quote. 5-Axis Dovetail Vise … Read more

Engineering drawing of hydraulic cylinder

Abbreviations and Symbols for Engineering Drawing & CNC Machining

Engineering drawing abbreviations are a set of standardized symbols and abbreviations used on engineering drawings to represent common terms and phrases. The symbols and abbreviations represent various components, processes, and measurements used in engineering design. Abbreviations are used to reduce … Read more

A Basic Guide to Large CNC Machining

Micromachining requires a high level of skill and expertise, not excepting CNC machining of large components that need specialized equipment large enough to process large-scale productions. However, large CNC machining may not be a straightforward process. There are lots of things to consider … Read more

Wood Properties for CNC Machining

A Basic Guide to Wood Properties for CNC Machining

CNC machining can be used to manufacture a wide range of products, including those made from wood. In CNC machining wood, a block of wood is placed into a CNC machine, and a tool (such as a router or a … Read more

drilling machines

10 Different Types of Drilling Machines

The drilling machine is indispensable equipment in the machine shop whose importance is equal to the lathes. This type of machine has high versatility, primarily designed for drilling holes and many other operations with the proper tools. Let’s learn about … Read more

Overmold materials

A Guide to Overmolding Process and Overmold Material Compatibility

Overmolding is a manufacturing process that involves the injection molding of one material over another. Since the materials engaged in overmolding must bond together, the plastics must be compatible with each other. Material compatibility stems from chemical compatibility, which is … Read more

The Top 12 Steels for CNC Machining

There are many alloy steels to consider for your project, but to help you make the right choice, we have compiled the top 12 steels available for CNC machining. These common steels listed in the table below all show moderate … Read more

bolt size chart

Bolts Size Chart

Bolts are an important fastener, often assembled together with nuts. Using bolts with the correct size is critical to the work of various equipment and machines. Here, we’ll see a complete bolt guide that covers bolt definitions, types, size, and … Read more

metal strength

Metal Strength Chart

The strength of a metal is an important factor in determining its suitability for a particular application. Stronger metals can be used in structural applications, such as in the construction of buildings, bridges, and other infrastructure, where they are subjected … Read more

metal rivet

Rivet and Eyelet Lengths Chart

Rivet size refers to the diameter of the shank, or body, of a rivet. Rivets are fasteners that are used to join two or more pieces of material together by inserting a smooth, cylindrical shaft through holes in the materials … Read more

How Machine Screws Work

How Machine Screws Work: The Essence of the Subject

What is the very first thing that springs to mind when you think about fasteners? Most likely, it’s a screw. They have become a universal symbol for fasteners due to their distinctive helical ridges. The outside threading on screws helps them … Read more

CNC machining copper

Summary of Two Main Grades of Copper

Mechanical Property Copper C110 Copper C101 Ultimate tensile strength 220 – 230 MPa 310 – 380 MPa Yield strength 69 – 140 MPa 185 – 340 MPa Young’s modulus(modulus of elasticity) 115 – 120 GPa 125 – 135 GPa Elongation … Read more